list of eligible countries for international child Adoption are:
What kind of direct services does the Legal Unit of the NCWC provide?
Any Bhutanese child below the age of 18 years may be adopted.
It is a list, maintained by the Competent Authority (NCWC at the moment), of prospective adopting parents who have applied for adoption of a child. Upon the availability of a child for adoption, the prospective parents on the waitlist will be contacted by the NCWC on a first cum first basis.
No, the NCWC is an autonomous agency of the Royal Government of Bhutan.
Refers to impediments that prevent women from rising to top positions in an organization, whether public or private. Thus, this includes the political, public, judicial, social, and economic domains. The term “glass” is used as these impediments are apparently invisible and are usually linked to the maintenance of the status quo in organizations as opposed to transparent and equal career advancement opportunities for women and men within organizations.
Gender roles are social and behavioral norms that, within a specific culture, are widely considered to be socially appropriate for individuals of a specific sex. These often determine the traditional responsibilities and tasks assigned to men, women, boys and girls. Gender specific roles are often conditioned by household structure, access to resources, specific impacts of the global economy, occurrence of conflict or disaster, and other locally relevant factors such as ecological conditions.
The social relationships and power distribution between men and women in both the private (personal) and public spheres.
Using a ’gender perspective’ entails approaching or examining an issue, paying particular attention to the potentially different ways in which men and women are or might be affected. This is also called using or looking through a ‘gender lens.’
Gender parity is a numerical concept. Gender parity concerns relative equality in terms of numbers and proportions of men and women, girls and boys. Gender parity addresses the ratio of femaletomale values (or malestofemales, in certain cases) of a given indicator.
Gender norms are the accepted attributes and characteristics of male and female gendered identity at a particular point in time for a specific society or community. They are the standards and expectations to which gender identity generally conforms, within a range that defines a particular society, culture and community at that point in time. Gender norms are ideas about how men and women should be and act. Internalized early in life, gender norms can establish a life cycle of gender socialization and stereotyping.
Genderneutral policies are not specifically aimed at either men or women and are assumed to affect both sexes equally. However, they may actually be genderblind
While reviewing a legislation or policy document, following key questions have to be taken into consideration to ensure that the content encompasses gender. Further, these questions could also be used to screen or monitor the legislations and policies from a gender perspective.
Gender Equity is the process of being fair to men and women, boys and girls and is about equality of outcomes and results. Gender equity may involve the use of temporary special measures to compensate for historical or systemic bias or discrimination. It refers to differential treatment that is fair and positively addresses a bias or disadvantage that is dueto gender roles or norms or differences between the sexes. It is a means to ensure that women and men, girls and boys have an equal chance not only at the starting point but also when reaching the finishing line. It is about the fair and just treatment of both sexes that takes into account the different needs of the men and women, cultural barriers and (past) discrimination of the specific group.
Refers to the equal rights, responsibilities and opportunities of women and men and girls and boys. Equality does not mean that women and men will become the same but that women’s and men’s rights, responsibilities and opportunities will not depend on whether they are born male or female. Gender equality implies that the interests, needs and priorities of both women and men are taken into consideration, recognizing the diversity of different groups of women and men. Gender equality is not a women’s issue but should concern and fully engage men as well as women. Equality between women and men is seen both as a human rights issue and as a precondition for, and indicator of, sustainable people centered development.
Gender blindness is the failure to recognize that the roles and responsibilities of men/boys and women/girls are given to them in specific social, cultural, economic and political contexts and backgrounds. Projects, programmes, policies and attitudes which are gender blind do not take into account these different roles and diverse needs, maintain status quo, and will not help transform the unequal structure of gender relations.
The ratio of women to men in any given situation. Gender balance is achieved when there are approximately equal numbers of men and women present or participating. This is sometimes also referred to as gender parity
Gender analysis is a critical examination of how differences in gender roles, activities,needs,opportunities and rights/entitlements affect men,women,girls and boys in certain situation or contexts. Gender analysis examines the relationships between females and males and their access to and control of resources and the constraints they face relative to each other. A gender analysis should be integrated into all sector assessments orsituational analyses to ensure that genderbased injustices and inequalities are not exacerbated, and that where possible, greater equality and justice in gender relations are promoted.
Sex refers to the biological differences between male and female bodies. Gender refers to the sociologically and culturally based distinction between men and women. One‘s gender is therefore most often comprised of those roles and attributes that are not purely “natural” or biologically determined, but are rather dictated by norms and traditions. Because gender is not biologically given, the attributes of both male and female gender can (and do) change over time and across cultures. It is also important to emphasize that the concept of gender is not interchangeable with women. Gender refers to both women and men, and the relations between them. Promotion of gender equality should concern and engage men as well as women.Sources